Stamping On The Stars: The Little Horn Part IV
he Little Horn described in Scripture, the one who is seen casting down the host of heaven, and stamping on them, is seen in two separate settings in the Word of God. Further, the timeline in which the horn appears indicates the physical manifestation of the mysterious entity occurs in two different historical periods. In other words, like so many other aspects of prophecy which are doubled, the Little Horn comes twice.
In the first few installments of the present work, we’ve focused on the identification of the Little Hornin its manifestation as the latter day state of Israel, in that it is clearly Antichrist oriented, to say nothing of its emergence as an integral part of the power structure of America – the fourth beast of Daniel 7. For details, please see the first 3 parts of the present work.
However, in chapter 8 of Daniel’s epic prophecies, we see another vision, in which the Little Horn is placed in the more immediate future of the prophetic sequence of events. This vision occurs in the late Babylonian kingdom, so the Persian, Grecian, andRoman Empires are still in the future at that point in time – to say nothing of the cross of Christ, and the apostate “Christian” kingdoms seen in Daniel’s 7thchapter (the lion, bear, leopard, and diverse beast kingdoms of the last two millennia).
In Daniel 8, we see the vision of two military powers, imaged as a ram and a powerful male goat – symbols which are identified as the Persian and Grecianempires.
“…behold, there stood before the river a ram….pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him…” (Daniel 8:3, 4).
We’ve already seen that “beasts” are kingdoms in prophecy, so this sequence is relatively elementary. History records the oriental kingdom of Persiamoving westward in its expansion, and the Persian military hordes, strategically deployed in overwhelming numbers, were unstoppable. Eventually, a generation after Persia had attackedMacedonia and Greece, the robust young son of King Phillip arose to challenge Persia. His brilliant battle tactics, built around the idea of a fierce, smaller force that decisively moved with great speed, led him to be dubbed Alexander the Great.
“…behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground…And he came to the ram…and ran into him in the fury of his power” (Daniel 8:5, 6).
There is no doubt concerning these identities, for the Scripture itself tells us the ram was associated with Persia, “and the rough goat is the king of Grecia” (Daniel 8:20, 21). This means the chronology is conclusively placed well before the fourth kingdom of the quartet of kingdoms seen in Daniel 2 – Babylon, Persia, Greece, and Rome.
Once the “king of Grecia” comes to his end, one of the most striking fulfillments of Old Testament prophecy occurs, for it is widely documented that when Alexander died, four of his generals divided up the Empire. They were named Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy.
“Now [Alexander] being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power” (Daniel 8:22).
Many students of prophecy know that Seleucus was based in Syria to the North of Judaea, and Ptolemywas in Egypt, to the South of Judaea. While the other two generals (Cassander and Lysimachus) faded into obscurity, the Seleucid dynasty in Syria warred with the Egyptian power, and control of the Jewish state rotated between them. During this extended period, significant numbers of Jews turned away from the laws of Moses, and adopted the looser lifestyles of the Gentiles surrounding them.
In the first wave, the Graeco-Egyptians drew significant numbers into Egypt, where they lived as citizens of the Ptolemaic dynasty on an equal footing with the Greeks – abandoning their historic connection to the land of Judaea and Jerusalem.Flavius Josephus records how these Jews preferred to live in Egypt, instead of Jerusalem:
“…there were not a few other Jews who, of their own accord, went into Egypt, as invited by the goodness of the soil, and by the liberality of Ptolemy” (Antiquities of the Jews, Flavius Josephus, Book XII, chapter I).
However, a larger apostasy was to come at the hands of the Seleucids, as that dynastic family was the agency that gradually seduced the Jews into a worldly citizenship in the Syrian vassal state Judaea had become. Thus, the Gentile Syrian state of the Seleucids fulfilled the Little Horn prophecy, which shows a Spiritual fall of the host of heaven, as the LORD’s chosen people departed from their anointed standing in the heavenlies:
“…a little horn, which waxed exceeding great….even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them” (Daniel 8:9).
When Antiochus of the Seleucids defeated Egypt, the Jews voluntarily welcomed him. Citing from the historian Josephus, we learn
“…the Jews, of their own accord, went over to him, and received him into the city [Jerusalem] and readily assisted him when he besieged the garrison [occupied by Ptolemy’s Egyptians] which was in the citadel of Jerusalem” (Antiquities, Book XII, chapter III).
As the Gentile rule of Judaea continued for years under Antiochus and his sons, a dispute arose over succession when the high priest of the Jews died, and a large faction of the Jewish people turned to the Gentile king to install their favourite, a man namedMenelaus, into the office.
“[The Jews following Menelaus] were distressed, and retired to Antiochus and informed him, that they were desirous to leave the laws of their country, and the Jewish way of living according to them, and to follow the king’s laws, and the Grecian way of living” (Antiquities, Book XII, chapter V).
As this movement was backed by the Little Hornpower of Syria, the apostate Jewish faction prevailed. After coming to pre-eminence, this power structure led the people to unprecedented apostasy, and they sought to build a Gymnasium in Jerusalem, where the Gentile sporting events were performed naked. As a sign of their open rejection of the LORD, the Jewish men concealed the circumcision of their genitals, so they would be indistinguishable from the Gentiles.
As physical circumcision was the Old Covenant sign between God and Israel (Genesis 17:11), this act constituted a formal repudiation of the special standing of Israel before the LORD of glory, and it may be viewed as a foreshadowing of the Abomination of Desolation. The leaders of these infidels were quartered in the Citadel, where they were mingled with the Greeks – and utilizing the position of the infamous tower which overlooked the temple (Matthew 4:5), they carried out the evil directives of the Little Horn power:
“…in that citadel dwell the impious and wicked part of the Jewish multitude, from whom it proved that the citizens suffered many and sore calamities” (Antiquities, Book XII, Chap V, emphasis mine).
Thus, the Antichrist power of the Little Horn of the Gentiles, “cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them” (Daniel 8:9).
----- James Lloyd
Bible Prophecy has always stated there would be a massive departure from the truth towards the end of the age, but few recognize this process was foreshadowed in the Old Testament era (I Corinthians 10:11), shortly before the arrival of the New Covenant. The countdown of the prophesied kingdoms in the Christian era points to the re-emergence of the Spirit within the Little Horn – but this time, it is the Spiritual Gentiles which seek to seduce (read “cast down”) theSpiritual Jews (Romans 2:29) from their place as the host of heaven. For more, see the James Lloyd DVD THE LITTLE HORN.